About Human Trafficking

Definitions

 Human Trafficking and the Law

 

Federal Definitions of Human Trafficking

Sex Trafficking: The recruiting, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act in which the commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud or coercion or in which the person induced to perform such an act is under 18 years old.

 

Labor Trafficking: The recruiting, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.

 

AMP Model: Action + Means + Purpose

*Adapted from Pub. L. No. 106-386 (2000), the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA, 2000) and Indiana Statute: IC 35-42-3.5

 

Action Means Purpose
Recruiting Force Forced Labor
Harboring Fraud Involuntary servitude
Transporting Coercion Peonage/Debt Bondage
Providing  or Forced/servile marriage
Obtaining, Threat of Force Slavery
Patronizing,    or
or Commercial Sexual Conduct
Soliciting

 

 

Force + Fraud + Coercion Examples

Force Fraud Coercion
Battering Promise of valid immigration documents Threat of harm to victim/family/loved ones
Threats with weapons Promise sponsorship Threat of arrest or deportation
Sexual abuse/Assault Victim told to use false travel papers/work outside visa class Debt bondage/Illegal fees: Visa/Living/Recruitment/Migration Process
Denial of medical care Fiancé/Student visas Photos in illegal/humiliating situations
Isolation Lying about nature of job/living/work conditions Induced to commit crimes
 Torture Wooing into romantic relationships Substance use/withdrawl
Kidnapping Withholding ID/Travel docs
Confinement Scripted/Restricted communication
Starvation Reputation-based threats
Sleep Deprivation
Violence towards individual, their loved ones, or pets

 

 

Please note human trafficking victim services are available to all identified survivors of human trafficking and that
immigration relief and other victim services ARE
available to immigrant victims of crime.

 

 

Contact the National Human Trafficking Hotline:

Phone: 1-888-373-7888; Text: 233733

Contact the Department of Child Services:

Phone: 1-800-800-5556

 

Get Involved

 

Our sincere thanks to the Herbert Simon Family Foundation for supporting the work of the IPATH Taskforce and ICESA.